Stabilization of hexazine rings in potassium polynitride at high pressure

Yu Wang, Maxim Bykov, Ilya Chepkasov, Artem Samtsevich, Elena Bykova, Xiao Zhang, Shu qing Jiang, Eran Greenberg, Stella Chariton, Vitali B. Prakapenka, Artem R. Oganov, Alexander F. Goncharov

Результат исследований: Вклад в журналСтатьярецензирование

1 Цитирования (Scopus)

Аннотация

Polynitrogen molecules are attractive for high-energy-density materials due to energy stored in nitrogen–nitrogen bonds; however, it remains challenging to find energy-efficient synthetic routes and stabilization mechanisms for these compounds. Direct synthesis from molecular dinitrogen requires overcoming large activation barriers and the reaction products are prone to inherent inhomogeneity. Here we report the synthesis of planar N62− hexazine dianions, stabilized in K2N6, from potassium azide (KN3) on laser heating in a diamond anvil cell at pressures above 45 GPa. The resulting K2N6, which exhibits a metallic lustre, remains metastable down to 20 GPa. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy were used to identify this material, through good agreement with the theoretically predicted structural, vibrational and electronic properties for K2N6. The N62− rings characterized here are likely to be present in other high-energy-density materials stabilized by pressure. Under 30 GPa, an unusual N20.75−-containing compound with the formula K3(N2)4 was formed instead. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Язык оригиналаАнглийский
ЖурналNature Chemistry
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 2022

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