As compressor blades are subjected to highly dynamic loads, there is a particular interest in determining their modal properties under operating condition. Furthermore, intensive research is conducted for the development of fibre-reinforced epoxy blades due to the high specific stiffness and strength as well as the high damping of composite materials. Traditional modal analysis techniques are state of the art to determine the vibration behaviour of non-rotating/stationary blades, where some new approaches show the vibration analysis of rotating blades. These approaches for rotating structures have the disadvantage, that either the excitation or the measurement method are influencing the dynamic behaviour of the investigated structure or the method itself cannot be applied for composite materials. Other techniques do not allow a continuous or full-field measurement of the rotating structure. To determine the vibration behaviour of rotating composite compressor blades, a combined experimental-numerical approach is introduced. Therefore, an experimental system for the vibration excitation and a 3-dimensional determination of the vibration behaviour of rotating components are presented. An overview of the main addressed research topics is given.