Wide-Area Backup Protection against Asymmetrical Faults Using Available Phasor Measurements

Sadegh Azizi, Gaoyuan Liu, Ahmad Salehi Dobakhshari, Vladimir Terzija

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes a robust and computationally efficient wide-area backup protection (WABP) scheme against asymmetrical faults on transmission systems using available synchronized/unsynchronized phasor measurements. Based on the substitution theorem, the proposed scheme replaces the faulted line with two suitable current sources. This results in a linear system of equations for WABP, with no need of full system observability by measurement devices. The identification of the faulted line is attributed to the sum of squared residuals (SoSR) of the developed system of equations. To preserve accuracy, the scheme limits the calculations to the assessment of the negative-sequence circuit of the gird. Relevant practical aspects that have not been properly addressed in the literature, namely the non-simultaneous opening of circuit breakers (CBs) and their single-pole tripping for single-phase to ground faults are investigated. The linearity of the formulations derived removes concerns over convergence speed and potential time-synchronization challenges. The proposed scheme is able to identify the faulted line and retain this capability for hundreds of milliseconds following the fault inception. More than 20 000 simulations conducted on the IEEE 39-bus test system verify the effectiveness of the proposed WABP scheme.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8937019
Pages (from-to)2032-2039
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Least squares method
  • Sequence circuits
  • Time-synchronization errors
  • Wide area backup protection


Dive into the research topics of 'Wide-Area Backup Protection against Asymmetrical Faults Using Available Phasor Measurements'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this