Two-dimensional real-space analysis of optical excitations in acceptor- substituted carotenoids

Sergei Tretiak, Vladimir Chernyak, Shaul Mukamel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

122 Citations (Scopus)


Absorption spectra of substituted carotenoicls with varying acceptor strength are analyzed using collective electronic normal modes obtained using the time-dependent Hartree-Fock (TDf-IF) technique combined with the INDO/S semiempirical Hamiltonian. Two-dimensional plots of the collective excitations in real space show an off-diagonal size associated with relative motion of electron-hole pairs created upon optical excitation and a diagonal size representing the pair's center of mass motion. By varying the polyene chain length we show that the response of symmetric molecules is controlled by 'bulk' delocalized excitations with coherence size ~12 double bonds, whereas the response of short polar molecules is dominated by a localized 'charge-transfer' excitation created at the acceptor end with coherence and diagonal lengths ~12 and ~17 double bonds, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11408-11419
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number47
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 1997
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Two-dimensional real-space analysis of optical excitations in acceptor- substituted carotenoids'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this