Triaxial residual strains in a railway rail measured by neutron diffraction

T. S. Jun, F. Hofmann, J. Belnoue, X. Song, M. Hofmann, A. M. Korsunsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Accumulation of residual stresses in rails during service can contribute to crack initiation and fracture and may result in serious accidents. It is therefore necessary and important to quantify the residual stresses that evolve under repeated rolling contact between wheel and rail. In the present study, triaxial residual strain measurements were performed in a worn British railway rail using neutron diffraction. Localized stress is observed close to the region of contact, showing the asymmetry and complexity of distributions that arise from the non-uniform plastic deformation. Contact-induced plasticity is revealed by the broadening (increase in the full width at half-maximum (FWHM)) of the diffraction peaks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-568
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • FWHM
  • Neutron diffraction
  • Railway rail
  • Residual stress
  • Rolling contact fatigue


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