Recent studies have shown that hardness, a complex property, can be calculated using very simple approaches or even analytical formulae. These form the basis for evaluating controversial experimental results (as we illustrate for TiO2-cotunnite) and enable a systematic search for novel hard materials, for instance, using global optimization algorithms (as we show on the example of SiO2 polymorphs).
- computational design of superhard materials
- evolutionary prediction of crystal structure
- SiO polymorphs