The RimL transacetylase provides resistance to translation inhibitor microcin C

Teymur Kazakov, Konstantin Kuznedelov, Ekaterina Semenova, Damir Mukhamedyarov, Kirill A. Datsenko, Anastasija Metlitskaya, Gaston H. Vondenhoff, Anton Tikhonov, Vinayak Agarwal, Satish Nair, Arthur Van Aerschot, Konstantin Severinov

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    16 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Peptide-nucleotide antibiotic microcin C (McC) is produced by some Escherichia coli strains. Inside a sensitive cell, McC is processed, releasing a nonhydrolyzable analog of aspartyl-adenylate, which inhibits aspartyl-tRNA synthetase. The product of mccE, a gene from the plasmid-borne McC biosynthetic cluster, acetylates processed McC, converting it into a nontoxic compound. MccE is homologous to chromosomally encoded acetyltransferases RimI, RimJ, and RimL, which acetylate, correspondingly, the N termini of ribosomal proteins S18, S5, and L12. Here, we show that E. coli RimL, but not other Rim acetyltransferases, provides a basal level of resistance to McC and various toxic nonhydrolyzable aminoacyl adenylates. RimL acts by acetylating processed McC, which along with ribosomal protein L12 should be considered a natural RimL substrate. When overproduced, RimL also makes cells resistant to albomycin, an antibiotic that upon intracellular processing gives rise to a seryl-thioribosyl pyrimidine that targets seryl-tRNA synthetase. We further show that E. coli YhhY, a protein related to Rim acetyltransferases but without a known function, is also able to detoxify several nonhydrolyzable aminoacyl adenylates but not processed McC. We propose that RimL and YhhY protect bacteria from various toxic aminoacyl nucleotides, either exogenous or those generated inside the cell during normal metabolism.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3377-3385
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Bacteriology
    Volume196
    Issue number19
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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