We consider an extension of the kinetic equation developed by Newell and Zakharov in 2008. The new equation takes not only the resonant four-wave interactions but also the dissipation associated with the wave breaking into account. In the equation, we introduce a dissipation function that depends on the spectral energy flux. This function is determined up to a functional parameter, which should be optimally chosen based on a comparison with experiment. A kinetic equation with this dissipation function describes the usually experimentally observed transition from the Kolmogorov-Zakharov spectrum E(ω) ~ ω−4 to the Phillips spectrum E(ω) ~ ω−5. The version of the dissipation function expressed in terms of the energy spectrum can be used in problems of numerically modeling and predicting sea waves.
- kinetic (Hasselmann) equation for water waves
- Kolmogorov-Zakharov spectrum
- Phillips spectrum