The Influence of Kerosene on Microbiomes of Diverse Soils

Pavel V. Shelyakin, Ivan N. Semenkov, Maria N. Tutukina, Daria D. Nikolaeva, Anna V. Sharapova, Yulia V. Sarana, Sergey A. Lednev, Alexander D. Smolenkov, Mikhail S. Gelfand, Pavel P. Krechetov, Tatiana V. Koroleva

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1 Citation (Scopus)


One of the most important challenges for soil science is to determine the limits for the sustainable functioning of contaminated ecosystems. The response of soil microbiomes to kerosene pollution is still poorly understood. Here, we model the impact of kerosene leakage on the composition of the topsoil microbiome in pot and field experiments with different loads of added kerosene (loads up to 100 g/kg; retention time up to 360 days). At four time points we measured kerosene concentration and sequenced variable regions of 16S ribosomal RNA in the microbial communities. Mainly alkaline Dystric Arenosols with low content of available phosphorus and soil organic matter had an increased fraction of Actinobacteriota, Firmicutes, Nitrospirota, Planctomycetota, and, to a lesser extent, Acidobacteriota and Verrucomicobacteriota. In contrast, in highly acidic Fibric Histosols, rich in soil organic matter and available phosphorus, the fraction of Acidobacteriota was higher, while the fraction of Actinobacteriota was lower. Albic Luvisols occupied an intermediate position in terms of both physicochemical properties and microbiome composition. The microbiomes of different soils show similar response to equal kerosene loads. In highly contaminated soils, the proportion of anaerobic bacteria-metabolizing hydrocarbons increased, whereas the proportion of aerobic bacteria decreased. During the field experiment, the soil microbiome recovered much faster than in the pot experiments, possibly due to migration of microorganisms from the polluted area. The microbial community of Fibric Histosols recovered in 6 months after kerosene had been loaded, while microbiomes of Dystric Arenosols and Albic Luvisols did not restore even after a year.

Original languageEnglish
Article number221
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022


  • Bearing capacity
  • Biodegradation
  • Controlled study
  • Ecological indicators
  • Gasoline
  • Jet-fuel
  • Soil metagenome
  • Soil pollution
  • Total petroleum hydrocarbons
  • Xenobiotic compounds


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