The effects of gamma rays and genotypes on sunflower organogenesis traits

G. Rachid Al-Chaarani, L. Gentzbittel, G. Berrault, S. Lenoble, A. Sarrafi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Seeds of two inbred lines (AS613 and AS616) and their hybrid were irradiated with seven gamma rays doses (5, 15, 25, 35, 45, 55 and 65 Grays). Organogenesis traits were studied for all irradiated seeds as well as non irradiated ones used as control. The experiment was designed as a randomized complete block with three replications. Each replication consisted of 16 Petri dishes with four explants per gamma rays dose and per genotype. The regeneration ability of genotypes and the effects of gamma rays on regeneration were scored by assessing the percentage of explants forming shoots (ES/100E), the average number of shoots per explant shooting (S/ES) and the average number of shoots per explant plated (S/E). Genetic variability was observed among the three genotypes for all studied traits. The effect of irradiation and the interaction between genotype and irradiation were also significant for all the studied traits. Heterosis, when the hybrid was compared with the mean of the two parents, was significant for the different gamma rays doses in all traits except for 15 and 55 Grays, which was not significant for the percentage of explants forming shoots (ES/100E). Seed irradiation by 5 and 15 Grays is likely to have a significant effect by increasing the regeneration ability by cotyledon culture in sunflower.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-77
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Genetics and Breeding
Volume58
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gamma rays
  • Heterosis
  • Irradiation
  • Organogenesis
  • Sunflower

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