Tailoring electrochemical efficiency of hydrogen evolution by fine tuning of TiOx/RuOx composite cathode architecture

Fedor S. Fedorov, Mikhail Y. Vasilkov, Maxim Panov, Dmitry Rupasov, Alexander Rashkovskiy, Nikolay M. Ushakov, Jaeho Lee, Rolf Hempelmann, Tanja Kallio, Albert G. Nasibulin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)


    Here we report an approach to design composite cathode based on TiOx nanotubes decorated with RuOx nanowhiskers for efficient hydrogen evolution. We tailor catalytic activity of the cathodes by adjustment of morphology of TiOx nanotubular support layer along with variation of RuOx loaded mass and assess its performance using electrochemical methods and wavelet analysis. The highest energy efficiency of hydrogen evolution is observed in 1 M H2SO4 electrolyte to be ca. 64% at −10 mA/cm2 for cathodes of the most developed area, i.e. smaller diameter of tubes, with enhanced RuOx loading. The efficiency is favored by detachment of small hydrogen bubbles what is revealed by wavelet analysis and is expressed in pure noise at wavelet spectrum. At increased current density, −50 or −100 mA/cm2, better efficiency of composite cathodes is supported by titania nanotubes of larger diameter due to an easier release of large hydrogen bubbles manifested in less periodic events appeared in the frequency region of 5–12 s at the spectra. We have shown that efficiency of the catalysts is determined by a pre-dominant type of hydrogen bubble release at different operation regimes depending on specific surface and a loaded mass of ruthenia.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)10593-10603
    Number of pages11
    JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
    Issue number21
    Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2019


    • Composite cathode
    • Hydrogen evolution reaction
    • Ruthenia
    • Titania nanotubes
    • Water electrolysis
    • Wavelet analysis


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