Deep space human exploration is gaining momentum again; space agencies and companies are aiming to achieve this feat in this decade. NASA, with its Artemis mission, aims to land the next man and first woman on the lunar soil by 2024 and head towards the red planet by 2030. In the last two decades, there were many robotic missions to Mars, including rovers and orbiters, and we understand the extremities of the harsh Mars environment better than ever before. Mars Express and Mars Reconnaissance orbiters have surveyed subsurface water ice deposits, proposing several candidates for a colony site. This research considers two possible long-duration stay zones near discovered deposits of water ice. We consider several viable trajectories for a Mars-bound spacecraft from Earth. The scope of this research includes the exploitation of local resources on Mars for the sustenance of the crew and thermal control of the habitat. It considers the temperature variance due to geothermal energy in that region, solar irradiance, and atmospheric temperature changes. The effects of seasonal changes on surrounding temperature and solar irradiance are considered. Further, the research draws requirements for the first crewed mission to Mars and the possibility of mass reduction by pre-deployment of ISRU plants. We consider trade-offs between different sites, accounting for proximity and amount of water, a total mass that is possible to deliver from Earth, and strategies to use in-situ materials for building habitat.
|Journal||Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
|Event||71st International Astronautical Congress, IAC 2020 - Virtual, Online|
Duration: 12 Oct 2020 → 14 Oct 2020
- Asteroid mining
- Human exploration