Synthesis of clathrate cerium superhydride CeH9 at 80-100 GPa with atomic hydrogen sublattice

Nilesh P. Salke, M. Mahdi Davari Esfahani, Youjun Zhang, Ivan A. Kruglov, Jianshi Zhou, Yaguo Wang, Eran Greenberg, Vitali B. Prakapenka, Jin Liu, Artem R. Oganov, Jung Fu Lin

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74 Citations (Scopus)


Hydrogen-rich superhydrides are believed to be very promising high-Tc superconductors. Recent experiments discovered superhydrides at very high pressures, e.g. FeH5 at 130 GPa and LaH10 at 170 GPa. With the motivation of discovering new hydrogen-rich high-Tc superconductors at lowest possible pressure, here we report the prediction and experimental synthesis of cerium superhydride CeH9 at 80–100 GPa in the laser-heated diamond anvil cell coupled with synchrotron X-ray diffraction. Ab initio calculations were carried out to evaluate the detailed chemistry of the Ce-H system and to understand the structure, stability and superconductivity of CeH9. CeH9 crystallizes in a P63/mmc clathrate structure with a very dense 3-dimensional atomic hydrogen sublattice at 100 GPa. These findings shed a significant light on the search for superhydrides in close similarity with atomic hydrogen within a feasible pressure range. Discovery of superhydride CeH9 provides a practical platform to further investigate and understand conventional superconductivity in hydrogen rich superhydrides.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4453
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019


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