Novel benzoxaborole derivatives of azithromycin in which benzoxaborole residue is attached to the 4″-hydroxy-group of azithromycin have been synthesized. Antibacterial activity of synthesized derivatives in comparison with azithromycin was tested on a panel of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains. All the investigated compounds demonstrated broad spectrum of antibacterial activity being in general more active against Gram-positive strains. New benzoxaborole derivatives of azithromycin demonstrated high activity against Streptococcus pyogenes ATCC 19615 and Propionibacterium acnes ATCC 6919 strains. Some of the new compounds were more active than azithromycin against Streptococcus pneumoniae ATCC 49619 strain or Enterococcus faecium strains. Using a reporter construct created on the basis of the transcription attenuator region of the Escherichia coli tryptophan operon pRFPCER-TrpL2A it has been demonstrated that the mechanism of action of azithromycin analogs is blocking nascent peptide in ribosome tunnel.