Synchrony analysis of paroxysmal gamma waves in meditation EEG

Jing Jin, Justin Dauwels, François B. Vialatte, Andrzej Cichocki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Meditation is a fascinating topic that is still relatively poorly understood. To investigate its physiological traits, electroencephalograms (EEG) were recorded during meditation sessions. In a recent study, paroxysmal gamma waves (PGWs) have been discovered in EEG of meditators practicing Bhramari Pranayama (BhPr). In this paper, the synchrony between those PGWs is investigated, revealing functional connectivity patterns in the brain during BhPr. Specifically, the method 'Stochastic Event Synchrony' (SES) is applied to pairs of PGW sequences in order to assess their synchrony. From those pairwise synchrony measures, large-scale functional connectivity patterns are extracted. Three subjects possessing different levels of expertise in BhPr are considered. Strong synchrony can be observed in the temporal lobes for all three subjects, in addition to long-range interhemispheric connections. Consistent connectivity patterns are present for exhalation periods of BhPr, while those patterns are substantially less stationary for inhalation periods. Interestingly, the synchrony seems to increase gradually during the meditation sessions. Moreover, the distribution of synchrony values seems to depend on the level of expertise in practicing BhPr: the higher the expertise, the more concentrated the intensity values.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2014 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2014
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages4703-4707
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9781479928927
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event2014 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2014 - Florence, Italy
Duration: 4 May 20149 May 2014

Publication series

NameICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings
ISSN (Print)1520-6149

Conference

Conference2014 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2014
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityFlorence
Period4/05/149/05/14

Keywords

  • Bhramari Pranayama
  • Electroencephalogram
  • Meditation
  • Paroxysmal gamma wave
  • Stochastic Event Synchrony

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