Switching between solid solution and two-phase regimes in the Li1-xFe1-yMnyPO4 cathode materials during lithium (de)insertion: Combined PITT, in situ XRPD and electron diffraction tomography study

Oleg A. Drozhzhin, Vasiliy D. Sumanov, Olesia M. Karakulina, Artem M. Abakumov, Joke Hadermann, Andrey N. Baranov, Keith J. Stevenson, Evgeny V. Antipov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The electrochemical properties and phase transformations during (de)insertion of Li+ in LiFePO4, LiFe0.9Mn0.1PO4 and LiFe0.5Mn0.5PO4 are studied by means of galvanostatic cycling, potential intermittent titration technique (PITT) and in situ X-ray powder diffraction. Different modes of switching between the solid solution and two-phase regimes are revealed which are influenced by the Mn content in Li1-xFe1-yMnyPO4. Additionally, an increase in electrochemical capacity with the Mn content is observed at high rates of galvanostatic cycling (10C, 20C), which is in good agreement with the numerically estimated contribution of the solid solution mechanism determined from PITT data. The observed asymmetric behavior of the phase transformations in Li1-xFe0.5Mn0.5PO4 during charge and discharge is discussed. For the first time, the crystal structures of electrochemically deintercalated Li1-xFe0.5Mn0.5PO4 with different Li content - LiFe0.5Mn0.5PO4, Li0.5Fe0.5Mn0.5PO4 and Li0.1Fe0.5Mn0.5PO4 - are refined, including the occupancy factors of the Li position. This refinement is done using electron diffraction tomography data. The crystallographic analyses of Li1-xFe0.5Mn0.5PO4 reveal that at x = 0.5 and 0.9 the structure retains the Pnma symmetry and the main motif of the pristine x = 0 structure without noticeable short range order effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-157
Number of pages9
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume191
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2016

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Switching between solid solution and two-phase regimes in the Li1-xFe1-yMnyPO4 cathode materials during lithium (de)insertion: Combined PITT, in situ XRPD and electron diffraction tomography study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this