Surface hydrogen bonds assisted meso-porous WO3 photocatalysts for high selective oxidation of benzylalcohol to benzylaldehyde

Yang Su, Zhongkang Han, Ling Zhang, Wenzhong Wang, Manyi Duan, Xiaoman Li, Yali Zheng, Yanggang Wang, Xiaoling Lei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Selective photo–oxidation of alcohols displays high potential in solar energy conversion and reducing environmental pollution, yet its selectivity and conversion in aqueous phase is still far from expectation. Here we report a fluorinated meso-porous WO3 photocatalyst (Fm-WO3) exhibits significant selectivity (∼99%) and conversion (∼57%) in transforming benzylalcohol to benzaldehyde in the aqueous solution under the simulated sunlight irradiation. This high reactivity is attributed to the synergistic effect between meso-porous nanostructure and surface fluorination, where meso-porous structure supplies active sites to promote the multi–electron reduction of O2 and the surface fluorination assists the transmission of photogenerated holes. First–principles calculations further suggest that surface fluorination brings in an unoccupied impurity state in the band structure of WO3, which exhibits a strong correlation with the hydroxyl group of benzyalcohol and thus bridges the interaction between surfaces and alcohols. Meanwhile, the fluorination promotes the generation of [rad]OH by holes which can be considered as another way to oxidize benzyalcohol. Finally, a generalized reaction mechanism for selective photo-oxidation has been proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-114
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume217
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HO
  • Meso-porous WO
  • Photocatalytic
  • Selective oxidation
  • Surface fluorination

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Surface hydrogen bonds assisted meso-porous WO3 photocatalysts for high selective oxidation of benzylalcohol to benzylaldehyde'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this