We propose a design for a quantum bit with four superconducting islands in the topology of a symmetric tetrahedron, uniformly frustrated with one-half flux quantum per loop and one-half Cooper pair per island. This structure emulates a noise-resistant spin-1/2 system in a vanishing magnetic field. The tetrahedral quantum bit combines a number of advances such as a doubly degenerate ground state minimizing decoherence via phonon radiation, a weak quadratic sensitivity to electric and magnetic noise, relieved constraints on the junction fabrication, a large freedom in manipulation, and attractive measurement schemes. The simultaneous appearance of a degenerate ground state and a weak noise sensitivity are consequences of the tetrahedral symmetry, while enhanced quantum fluctuations derive from the special magnetic frustration. We determine the spectral properties of the tetrahedral structure within a semiclassical analysis and confirm the results numerically. We show how proper tuning of the charge frustration selects a doubly degenerate ground state and discuss the qubit's manipulation through capacitive and inductive coupling to external bias sources. The complete readout of the spin components σi i=x,y,z, is achieved through coupling of the internal qubit currents to external junctions driven close to criticality during the measurement.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2004|