Super Spy variants implicate flexibility in chaperone action

Shu Quan, Lili Wang, Evgeniy V. Petrotchenko, Karl A.T. Makepeace, Scott Horowitz, Jianyi Yang, Yang Zhang, Christoph H. Borchers, James C.A. Bardwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Experimental study of the role of disorder in protein function is challenging. It has been proposed that proteins utilize disordered regions in the adaptive recognition of their various binding partners. However apart from a few exceptions, defining the importance of disorder in promiscuous binding interactions has proven to be difficult. In this paper, we have utilized a genetic selection that links protein stability to antibiotic resistance to isolate variants of the newly discovered chaperone Spy that show an up to 7 fold improved chaperone activity against a variety of substrates. These "Super Spy" variants show tighter binding to client proteins and are generally more unstable than is wild type Spy and show increases in apparent flexibility. We establish a good relationship between the degree of their instability and the improvement they show in their chaperone activity. Our results provide evidence for the importance of disorder and flexibility in chaperone function.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere01584
JournaleLife
Volume2014
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

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