Super-oxidation of silicon nanoclusters: Magnetism and reactive oxygen species at the surface

Sergey Lepeshkin, Vladimir Baturin, Evgeny Tikhonov, Nikita Matsko, Yurii Uspenskii, Anastasia Naumova, Oleg Feya, Martin A. Schoonen, Artem R. Oganov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oxidation of silicon nanoclusters depending on the temperature and oxygen pressure is explored from first principles using the evolutionary algorithm, and structural and thermodynamic analysis. From our calculations of 90 SinOm clusters we found that under normal conditions oxidation does not stop at the stoichiometric SiO2 composition, as it does in bulk silicon, but goes further placing extra oxygen atoms on the cluster surface. These extra atoms are responsible for light emission, relevant to reactive oxygen species and many of them are magnetic. We argue that the super-oxidation effect is size-independent and discuss its relevance to nanotechnology and miscellaneous applications, including biomedical ones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18616-18620
Number of pages5
JournalNanoscale
Volume8
Issue number44
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2016

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