Sulfonimide-based dendrimers: Progress in synthesis, characterization, and potential applications

Julia V. Bondareva, Stanislav A. Evlashin, Oleg V. Lukin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There are more than 50 families of dendrimers, and some of which, such as polyamidoamine PAMAM, are well studied, and some are just starting to attract the attention of researchers. One promising type of dendrimers is sulfonimide-based dendrimers (SBDs). To date, SBDs are used in organic synthesis as starting reagents for the convergent synthesis of higher generations dendrimers, in materials science as alternative electrolyte solutions for fuel cells, and in medicinal chemistry as potential substances for drug transfer procedures. Despite the fact that most dendrimers are amorphous substances among the SBDs, several structures are distinguished that are prone to the formation of crystalline solids with melting points in the range of 120–250C. Similar to those of other dendrimers, the chemical and physical properties of SBDs depend on their outer shell, which is formed by functional groups. To date, SBDs decorated with end groups such as naphthyl, nitro, methyl, and methoxy have been successfully synthesized, and each of these groups gives the dendrimers specific properties. Analysis of the structure of SBD, their synthesis methods, and applications currently available in the literature reveals that these dendrimers have not yet been fully explored.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2987
Pages (from-to)1-27
Number of pages27
JournalPolymers
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Dendrimers
  • Dendritic polymers
  • Dendrons
  • Divergent approach
  • Functionalization
  • Generations
  • Sulfonimide

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