Structural effect of fullerene derivative on polaron relaxation and charge transfer in poly(3-hexylthiophene)/fullerene composite

V. I. Krinichnyi, P. A. Troshin, N. N. Denisov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The structural effect of a side chain in a fullerene derivative on electron relaxation and polaronic charge transfer in a poly(3-hexylthiophene)/fullerene composite was studied by 3 cm waveband electron paramagnetic resonance. All the systems with different fullerene derivatives demonstrate a sum spectrum of small localized and mobile polarons whose contributions depend on the structure of the fullerene derivative. Both the spin-lattice and spin-spin relaxation times were determined separately in a wide (77-320 K) temperature region using the steady-state saturation method. It was shown that spin relaxation, susceptibility and dynamics are governed by the dipole-dipole interaction of the polarons as well as by the structure of the side chains in the fullerene derivative. The treatment of the polymer matrix by the fullerene changes its dimensionality and accelerates polaron diffusion along polymer chains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3982-3989
Number of pages8
JournalActa Materialia
Volume56
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electron paramagnetic resonance
  • Fullerene
  • Polaron
  • Polythiophene and derivatives
  • Relaxation

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