Structural changes in the ribosome during the elongation cycle

S. V. Kiparisov, P. V. Sergiev, A. A. Bogdanov, O. A. Dontsova

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Ample data on structural changes that arise in the ribosome during translation have been accumulated. The most interesting information on such changes has been obtained by cryoelectron microscopy of ribosome complexes with various ligands and by rRNA site-directed mutagenesis combined with a structural analysis of the ribosome by a chemical modification technique (chemical probing). The review considers the best-known structural changes that arise in the translating ribosome upon its interactions with tRNA and the elongation factors. The changes are discussed in the context of interactions between the functional centers of the ribosome. A universal system of rRNA helices and proteins is described in detail. The system integrates the functional centers of the ribosome and allows transduction of allosteric conformational signals. Biochemical data are considered in terms of the structures and interactions of ribosomal elements, and a hypothesis is advanced that the position of the GTPase-associated center in the ribosome regulates the binding of the elongation factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)675-687
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular Biology
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cryoelectron microscopy
  • EF-G
  • EF-Tu
  • Ribosomal functional center
  • Ribosome
  • rRNA chemical modification
  • rRNA site-directed mutagenesis
  • Translation

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