Stochastic pulse switching in a degenerate resonant optical medium

Ethan P. Atkins, Peter R. Kramer, Gregor Kovačič, Ildar R. Gabitov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using the idealized integrable Maxwell-Bloch model, we describe random optical-pulse polarization switching along an active optical medium in the Λ configuration with disordered occupation numbers of its lower-energy sublevel pair. The description combines complete integrability and stochastic dynamics. For the single-soliton pulse, we derive the statistics of the electric-field polarization ellipse at a given point along the medium in closed form. If the average initial population difference of the two lower sublevels vanishes, we show that the pulse polarization will switch intermittently between the two circular polarizations as it travels along the medium. If this difference does not vanish, the pulse will eventually forever remain in the circular polarization determined by which sublevel is more occupied on average. We also derive the exact expressions for the statistics of the polarization-switching dynamics, such as the probability distribution of the distance between two consecutive switches and the percentage of the distance along the medium the pulse spends in the elliptical polarization of a given orientation in the case of vanishing average initial population difference. We find that the latter distribution is given in terms of the well-known arc sine law.

Original languageEnglish
Article number043834
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume85
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes

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