Static and dynamic properties of heavily doped quantum vortices

I. A. Pshenichnyuk

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Quantum vortices in superfluids may capture matter and deposit it inside their core. By doping vortices with foreign particles one can effectively visualize them and study them experimentally. To acquire a better understanding of the interaction between quantum vortices and matter, and clarify the details of recent experiments, the properties of doped vortices are investigated here theoretically in the regimes where the doping mass becomes close to the total mass of superfluid particles forming a vortex. Such formations are dynamically stable and, possessing both vorticity and enhanced inertia, demonstrate properties that are different from the pure vortex case. The goal of this paper is to define and investigate the universal aspects of heavily doped vortex behavior, which can be realized in different types of quantum mixtures. The proposed 3D model is based on a system of coupled semiclassical matter wave equations that are solved numerically in a wide range of physical parameters. The size, geometry and binding energy of dopants in different regimes are discussed. The coupled motion of a vortex-dopant complex and decoupling conditions are studied. The reconnection of vortices, taken as an example of a fundamental process responsible for the evolution of a quantum turbulent state, is modeled to illustrate the difference between the light and heavy doping cases.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number105007
    JournalNew Journal of Physics
    Volume19
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2017

    Keywords

    • Bose-Einstein condensate
    • heavy vortex
    • quantum turbulence
    • quantum vortex
    • superfluid

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