State-of-the-art light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are made from high-purity alloys of III–V semiconductors, but high fabrication cost has limited their widespread use for large area solid-state lighting. Here, efficient and stable LEDs processed from solution with tunable color enabled by using phase-pure 2D Ruddlesden–Popper (RP) halide perovskites with a formula (CH3(CH2)3NH3)2(CH3NH3)n −1PbnI3 n +1 are reported. By using vertically oriented thin films that facilitate efficient charge injection and transport, efficient electroluminescence with a radiance of 35 W Sr−1 cm−2 at 744 nm with an ultralow turn-on voltage of 1 V is obtained. Finally, operational stability tests suggest that phase purity is strongly correlated to stability. Phase-pure 2D perovskites exhibit >14 h of stable operation at peak operating conditions with no droop at current densities of several Amperes cm−2 in comparison to mixtures of 2D/3D or 3D perovskites, which degrade within minutes.
- color tunability
- crystal orientation
- Ruddlesden–Popper layered perovskites