Stable Light-Emitting Diodes Using Phase-Pure Ruddlesden–Popper Layered Perovskites

Hsinhan Tsai, Wanyi Nie, Jean Christophe Blancon, Constantinos C. Stoumpos, Chan Myae Myae Soe, Jinkyoung Yoo, Jared Crochet, Sergei Tretiak, Jacky Even, Aditya Sadhanala, Giovanni Azzellino, Roberto Brenes, Pulickel M. Ajayan, Vladimir Bulović, Samuel D. Stranks, Richard H. Friend, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, Aditya D. Mohite

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204 Citations (Scopus)


State-of-the-art light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are made from high-purity alloys of III–V semiconductors, but high fabrication cost has limited their widespread use for large area solid-state lighting. Here, efficient and stable LEDs processed from solution with tunable color enabled by using phase-pure 2D Ruddlesden–Popper (RP) halide perovskites with a formula (CH3(CH2)3NH3)2(CH3NH3)n −1PbnI3 n +1 are reported. By using vertically oriented thin films that facilitate efficient charge injection and transport, efficient electroluminescence with a radiance of 35 W Sr−1 cm−2 at 744 nm with an ultralow turn-on voltage of 1 V is obtained. Finally, operational stability tests suggest that phase purity is strongly correlated to stability. Phase-pure 2D perovskites exhibit >14 h of stable operation at peak operating conditions with no droop at current densities of several Amperes cm−2 in comparison to mixtures of 2D/3D or 3D perovskites, which degrade within minutes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1704217
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • color tunability
  • crystal orientation
  • LEDs
  • Ruddlesden–Popper layered perovskites


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