Spin-induced multiferroicity in the binary perovskite manganite Mn2O3

Junzhuang Cong, Kun Zhai, Yisheng Chai, Dashan Shang, Dmitry D. Khalyavin, Roger D. Johnson, Denis P. Kozlenko, Sergey E. Kichanov, Artem M. Abakumov, Alexander A. Tsirlin, Leonid Dubrovinsky, Xueli Xu, Zhigao Sheng, Sergey V. Ovsyannikov, Young Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ABO3 perovskite oxides exhibit a wide range of interesting physical phenomena remaining in the focus of extensive scientific investigations and various industrial applications. In order to form a perovskite structure, the cations occupying the A and B positions in the lattice, as a rule, should be different. Nevertheless, the unique binary perovskite manganite Mn2O3 containing the same element in both A and B positions can be synthesized under high-pressure high-temperature conditions. Here, we show that this material exhibits magnetically driven ferroelectricity and a pronounced magnetoelectric effect at low temperatures. Neutron powder diffraction revealed two intricate antiferromagnetic structures below 100 K, driven by a strong interplay between spin, charge, and orbital degrees of freedom. The peculiar multiferroicity in the Mn2O3 perovskite is ascribed to a combined effect involving several mechanisms. Our work demonstrates the potential of binary perovskite oxides for creating materials with highly promising electric and magnetic properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2996
JournalNature Communications
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

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