We report on the preparation and vibrational characterization of the C2H3«CO2 complex, the first example of a stable intermolecular complex involving vinyl radicals. This complex was prepared in Ar and Kr matrices using UV photolysis of propiolic acid (HC3OOH) and subsequent thermal mobilization of H atoms. This preparation procedure provides vinyl radicals formed exclusively as a complex with CO2, without the presence of either CO2 or C2H3 monomers. The absorption bands corresponding to the ν5(C2H3), ν7(C2H3), ν8(C2H3), ν2(CO2), and ν3(CO2) modes of the C2H3»CO2 complex were detected experimentally. The calculations at the UCCSD(T)/L2a level of theory predict two structures of the C2H3«CO2 complex with Cs and C1 symmetries and interaction energies of -1.92 and -5.19 kJ mol-1. The harmonic vibrational frequencies of these structures were calculated at the same level of theory. The structural assignment of the experimental species is not straightforward because of rather small complexation-induced shifts and matrix-site splitting of the bands (for both complex and monomers). We conclude that the C1 structure is the most probable candidate for the experimental C2H3»CO2 complex based on the significant splitting of the bending vibration of CO2 and on the energetic and structural considerations.