Sorting out antibiotics' mechanisms of action: A double fluorescent protein reporter for high-throughput screening of ribosome and DNA biosynthesis inhibitors

Ilya A. Osterman, Ekaterina S. Komarova, Dmitry I. Shiryaev, Ilya A. Korniltsev, Irina M. Khven, Dmitry A. Lukyanov, Vadim N. Tashlitsky, Marina V. Serebryakova, Olga V. Efremenkova, Yan A. Ivanenkov, Alexey A. Bogdanov, Petr V. Sergiev, Olga A. Dontsova

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    39 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In order to accelerate drug discovery, a simple, reliable, and cost-effective system for high-throughput identification of a potential antibiotic mechanism of action is required. To facilitate such screening of new antibiotics, we created a double-reporter system for not only antimicrobial activity detection but also simultaneous sorting of potential antimicrobials into those that cause ribosome stalling and those that induce the SOS response due to DNA damage. In this reporter system, the red fluorescent protein gene rfp was placed under the control of the SOS-inducible sulA promoter. The gene of the far-red fluorescent protein, katushka2S, was inserted downstream of the tryptophan attenuator in which two tryptophan codons were replaced by alanine codons, with simultaneous replacement of the complementary part of the attenuator to preserve the ability to form secondary structures that influence transcription termination. This genetically modified attenuator makes possible Katushka2S expression only upon exposure to ribosome-stalling compounds. The application of red and far-red fluorescent proteins provides a high signal-to-background ratio without any need of enzymatic substrates for detection of the reporter activity. This reporter was shown to be efficient in high-throughput screening of both synthetic and natural chemicals.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)7481-7489
    Number of pages9
    JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
    Volume60
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Sorting out antibiotics' mechanisms of action: A double fluorescent protein reporter for high-throughput screening of ribosome and DNA biosynthesis inhibitors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this