Smart frequency control for the future Gb power system

Peter Wall, Negar Shams, Vladimir Terzija, Vandad Hamidi, Charlotte Grant, Douglas Wilson, Seán Norris, Kyriaki Maleka, Campbell Booth, Qiteng Hong, Andrew Roscoe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Replacing fossil fuel burning synchronous generation with asynchronous renewable generation to deliver environmental goals will significantly reduce system inertia. Reduced inertia allows a faster and larger frequency deviation after a disturbance and the reduction in inertia in GB will be significant enough in the next decade that the existing frequency control will be too slow to contain the frequency deviation after a large disturbance. Therefore, delivering fast, coordinated frequency control from new service providers, e.g. energy storage, (termed 'smart frequency control') will be vital to overcoming the challenge posed by reduced/variable inertia in GB. This paper describes some of the challenges that must be overcome when delivering this form of control, in terms of controller design and the definition of a new ancillary service, alongside simulation results for a 36 zone equivalent model of the GB frequency response that illustrate these challenges and the threats posed by reduced inertia.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationISGT Europe 2016 - IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies, Europe
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
ISBN (Electronic)9781509033584
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event2016 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe, ISGT Europe 2016 - Ljubljana, Slovenia
Duration: 9 Oct 201612 Oct 2016

Publication series

NameIEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe


Conference2016 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe, ISGT Europe 2016


  • frequency control
  • inertia
  • swing equation
  • synthetic inertia
  • wide area control


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