Self-diffusion of water-soluble fullerene derivatives in mouse erythrocytes

Irina Avilova, Ekaterina Khakina, Ol”ga Kraevaya, Alexander Kotelnikov, Raisa Kotelnikova, Pavel Troshin, Vitaliy Volkov

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Self-diffusion of water-soluble fullerene derivative (WSFD) C 60 [S(CH 2 ) 3 SO 3 Na] 5 H in mouse red blood cells (RBC) was characterized by 1 H pulsed field gradient NMR technique. It was found that a fraction of fullerene molecules (~13% of the fullerene derivative added in aqueous RBC suspension) shows a self-diffusion coefficient of (5.5 ± 0.8)·10 −12 m 2 /s, which is matching the coefficient of the lateral diffusion of lipids in the erythrocyte membrane (D L = (5.4 ± 0.8)·10 −12 m 2 /s). This experimental finding evidences the absorption of the fullerene derivative by RBC. Fullerene derivative molecules are also absorbed by RBC ghosts and phosphatidylcholine liposomes as manifested in self-diffusion coefficients of (7.9 ± 1.2)·10 −12 m 2 /s and (7.7 ± 1.2)·10 −12 m 2 /s, which are also close to the lateral diffusion coefficients of (6.5 ± 1.0)·10 −12 m 2 /s and (8.5 ± 1.3)·10 −12 m 2 /s, respectively. The obtained results suggest that fullerene derivative molecules are, probably, fixed on the RBC surface. The average residence time of the fullerene derivative molecule on RBC was estimated as 440 ± 70 ms. Thus, the pulsed field gradient NMR was shown to be a versatile technique for investigation of the interactions of the fullerene derivatives with blood cells providing essential information, which can be projected on their behavior in-vivo after intravenous administration while screening as potential drug candidates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1537-1543
Number of pages7
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018


  • Erythrocyte membrane
  • Phosphatidylcholine liposomes
  • Pulsed field gradient NMR
  • RBC ghost
  • Self-diffusion coefficient
  • Water-soluble fullerene derivative


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