Metamaterials consist of a periodic or aperiodic arrangement of so-called meta-atoms. Usually their optical properties are derived from the collective response of this ensemble. However, it is highly desirable to deduce them from the scattering properties of individual meta-atoms because frequently the periodic arrangement has a spurious effect on the desired functionality. Moreover, understanding the scattering properties of individual meta-atoms permits introducing guidelines for their design and predicting effective properties of amorphous metamaterials. To achieve this we introduce a genuine approach to quantify the properties of individual meta-atoms. To this end we evaluate spectrally resolved the composition of the rigorously calculated scattered field in terms of contributions of electromagnetic multipoles, such as electric and magnetic dipoles, quadrupoles and, in principle, arbitrary higher order moments. Beyond its direct application to metamaterial's design and characterization, the approach will be significant in the entire field of nanooptics as, for example, for optical nanoantennas.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 23 Jun 2011|