S3LRR: A Unified Model for Joint Discriminative Subspace Identification and Semi-supervised EEG Emotion Recognition

Yong Peng, Yikai Zhang, Wanzeng Kong, Feiping Nie, Bao Liang Lu, Andrzej Cichocki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Emotion recognition from electroencephalogram (EEG) data has been a research spotlight in both academic and industrial communities, which lays a solid foundation to achieve harmonic human-machine interaction. However, most of the existing studies either directly performed classification on primary EEG features or employed a two-stage paradigm of 'feature transformation plus classification' for emotion recognition. The former usually cannot obtain promising performance, while the latter inevitably breaks the connection between feature transformation and recognition. In this article, we propose a simple yet effective model named semisupervised sparse low-rank regression (S3LRR) to unify the discriminative subspace identification and semisupervised emotion recognition together. Specifically, S3LRR is formulated by decomposing the projection matrix in least square regression (LSR) into two factor matrices, which complete the discriminative subspace identification and connect the subspace EEG data representation with emotional states. Experimental studies on the benchmark SEED_V dataset show that the emotion recognition performance is greatly improved by the joint learning mechanism of S3LRR. Furthermore, S3LRR exhibits additional abilities in affective activation patterns exploration and EEG feature selection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2507313
JournalIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Discriminative subspace identification
  • electroencephalogram (EEG)
  • emotion recognition
  • low-rank regression
  • semisupervised classification


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