Role of positively charged residues Lys267, Lys270, and Arg411 of cytochrome P450scc (Cyp11A1) in interaction with adrenodoxin

N. V. Strushkevich, T. N. Azeva, G. I. Lepesheva, S. A. Usanov

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7 Citations (Scopus)


Cytochrome P450scc and adrenodoxin are redox proteins of the electron transfer chain of the inner mitochondrial membrane steroid hydroxylases. In the present work site-directed mutagenesis of the charged residues of cytochrome P450scc and adrenodoxin, which might be involved in interaction, was used to study the nature of electrostatic contacts between the hemeprotein and the ferredoxin. The target residues for mutagenesis were selected based on the theoretical model of cytochrome P450scc-adrenodoxin complex and previously reported chemical modification studies of cytochrome P450scc. In the present work, to clarify the molecular mechanism of hemeprotein interaction with ferredoxin, we constructed cytochrome P450scc Lys267, Lys270, and Arg411 mutants and Glu47 mutant of adrenodoxin and analyzed their possible role in electrostatic interaction and the role of these residues in the functional activity of the proteins. Charge neutralization at positions Lys267 or Lys270 of cytochrome P450scc causes no significant effect on the physicochemical and functional properties of cytochrome P450scc. However, cytochrome P450scc mutant Arg411Gln was found to exhibit decreased binding affinity to adrenodoxin and lower activity in the cholesterol side chain cleavage reaction. Studies of the functional properties of Glu47Gln and Glu47Arg adrenodoxin mutants indicate that a negatively charged residue in the loop covering the Fe2S 2 cluster, being important for maintenance of the correct architecture of these structural elements of ferredoxin, is not directly involved in electrostatic interaction with cytochrome P450scc. Moreover, our results indicate the presence of at least two different binding (contact) sites on the proximal surface of cytochrome P450scc with different electrostatic input to interaction with adrenodoxin. In the binary complex, the positively charged sites of the proximal surface of cytochrome P450scc well correspond to the two negatively charged sites of adrenodoxin: the "interaction" domain site and the "core" domain site.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)664-671
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemistry (Moscow)
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Cytochrome P450scc
  • Heterologous expression
  • Protein-protein interactions
  • Site-directed mutagenesis


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