Rol' lipidov pri klassifikatsii astrotsitomy i glioblastomy pri pomoshchi mass-spektrometricheskogo profilirovaniia opukholeĭ

Translated title of the contribution: The role of lipids in the classification of astrocytoma and glioblastoma using MS tumor profiling

V. A. Eliferov, E. S. Zhvansky, A. A. Sorokin, V. A. Shurkhay, D. S. Bormotov, S. I. Pekov, P. V. Nikitin, M. V. Ryzhova, E. E. Kulikov, A. A. Potapov, E. N. Nikolaev, I. A. Popov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Express MS identification of biological tissues has become a much more accessible research method due to the application of direct specimen ionization at atmospheric pressure. In contrast to traditional methods of analysis employing GC-MS methods for determining the molecular composition of the analyzed objects it eliminates the influence of mutual ion suppression. Despite significant progress in the field of direct MS of biological tissues, the question of mass spectrometric profile attribution to a certain type of tissue still remains open. The use of modern machine learning methods and protocols (e.g., "random forests") enables us to trace possible relationships between the components of the sample MS profile and the result of brain tumor tissue classification (astrocytoma or glioblastoma). It has been shown that the most pronounced differences in the mass spectrometric profiles of these tumors are due to their lipid composition. Detection of statistically significant differences in lipid profiles of astrocytoma and glioblastoma may be used to perform an express test during surgery and inform the neurosurgeon what type of malignant tissue he is working with. The ability to accurately determine the boundaries of the neoplastic growth significantly improves the quality of both surgical intervention and postoperative rehabilitation, as well as the duration and quality of life of patients.

Translated title of the contributionThe role of lipids in the classification of astrocytoma and glioblastoma using MS tumor profiling
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)317-325
Number of pages9
JournalBiomeditsinskaia khimiia
Volume66
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020

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