Rifampicin region revisited. New rifampicin-resistant and streptolydigin- resistant mutants in the β subunit of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase

K. Severinov, M. Soushko, A. Goldfarb, V. Nikiforov

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167 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mutations to rifampicin resistance (Rif(R)) in Escherichia coli alter the β subunit of RNA polymerase (RNAP). A series of new point Rif(R) mutations was isolated with the aid of random polymerase chain reaction-mediated mutagenesis followed by selection on rifampicin (Rif). All of the new Rif(R) mutants, including changes in two novel positions, fell into the two principal clusters previously identified in the middle section of β. Disruption of the spacer between the two clusters with deletions and insertions led to RNAP that was functional and sensitive to Rif in vitro, indicating that the spacer is not directly involved in Rif binding. However, most of the spacer mutants were strongly resistant to streptolydigin, suggesting that this area is involved in the binding of streptolydigin. An insertion of six consecutive histidines into the spacer was constructed that could be used to anchor RNAP on a Nichelate matrix without the loss of enzymatic activity, indicating that this region is looped out of the RNAP molecule.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14820-14825
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume268
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

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