Residual nonclathrated water in sediments in equilibrium with gas hydrate. Comparison with unfrozen water

E. M. Chuvilin, V. A. Istomin, S. S. Safonov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


The method for experimental study of equilibrium for "pore water in sediment-hydrate-forming gas-bulk gas hydrate" system was developed at temperatures below and above 0°C, and at different pressures. The gas pressure may be above the pressure for the three-phase equilibrium for "ice-gas-bulk gas hydrate." The method is based on measuring the equilibrium water content in an initially air-dried sediment plate that has been placed into close contact with an ice plate under isothermal conditions and appropriate pressure by hydrate-forming gas. This equilibrium pore water content (the minimal possible amount of water in the sediments at conditions under consideration) can be defined as nonclathrated water by analogy to unfrozen water, which is widely used in geocryology science. The amount of nonclathrated water in the sediment depends on temperature, sediment type, kind of hydrate-forming gas, and gas pressure. The method was tested for nonclathrated water content measurements in kaolinite clay and different sand-clay mixtures (consisting of quartz sand with kaolinite or montmorillonite clay particles) in equilibrium with methane hydrate and CO2 hydrate. In our opinion the experimental study of the nonclathrated water is important because it demonstrates the essential influence of this component on the thermophysical and mechanical properties of hydrate-containing sediments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-73
Number of pages6
JournalCold Regions Science and Technology
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Equilibrium water content
  • Gas hydrates
  • Ice
  • Nonclathrated water
  • Sediment
  • Unfrozen water


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