Using stationary solutions of the linearized two-dimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation, we describe the wave pattern occurring in the supersonic flow of a Bose-Einstein condensate past an obstacle. It is shown that these waves are generated outside the Mach cone. The developed analytical theory is confirmed by numerical simulations of the flow past body problem in the frame of the full nonstationary Gross-Pitaevskii equation. Relation of the developed theory with recent experiments is discussed.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 28 Mar 2007|