Pyrite morphology and δ34S as indicators of deposition environment in organic-rich shales

Elizaveta Idrisova, Rinat Gabitov, Tagir Karamov, Andrey Voropaev, Ming Chang Liu, Natalia Bogdanovich, Mikhail Spasennykh

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2 Citations (Scopus)


This study is focused on the mineralogical, chemical, and isotopic characterization of pyrites from the rocks of the Bazhenov Formation (Upper Jurassic–Lower Cretaceous organic-rich shales,Western Siberia, Russia). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed pyrites of different morphologies: Small and large framboids, small crystals, and large euhedral crystals; all morphotypes were usually combined into aggregates. Isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS) and secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) showed that small framboids and microcrystalline pyrite are isotopically light, with δ34SCDT varying from -55 to -20‰. Large framboids and euhedral crystals of pyrite are isotopically heavy with δ34SCDT up to +26‰. Both morphology and δ34S were suggested to be controlled by the redox conditions and sedimentation regime. The abundance of small framboids suggests that pyrite sedimentation occurred under anoxic conditions; the presence of the large framboids and euhedral crystals of pyrite suggest the accumulation of sediments occurred at suboxic conditions, possibly in the presence of oxygen.

Original languageEnglish
Article number355
JournalGeosciences (Switzerland)
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021


  • Bazhenov Formation
  • Framboids
  • Pyrite
  • Redox conditions
  • Shales
  • SIMS
  • Sulfur isotope composition
  • Unconventional hydrocarbons


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