Proteome of HU-Lacking E. coli Studied by Means of 2D Gel Electrophoresis

D. E. Kamashev, T. V. Rakitina, D. S. Matyushkina, D. V. Evsyutina, A. A. Vanyushkina, Yu K. Agapova, V. E. Anisimova, A. L. Drobyshev, I. O. Butenko, O. V. Pobeguts, G. Y. Fisunov

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract: Histone-like protein HU is a dimeric nucleoid-associated protein (NAP). HU is the most conserved NAP. It binds nonspecifically to duplex DNA with a preference for targeting nicked and bent DNA. HU limits the architecture of the bacterial nucleoid and its deletion is lethal for Bacillus subtilis and Mycoplasma genitalium which do not contain other NAPs. E. coli lacking HU is viable but has numerous growth defects. The effects of the HU protein on gene expression is known from microarray analysis and HU regulons were identified. In HU-deficient E. coli, absence of this DNA architectural protein causes a disorder in gene regulation; on the other hand, E. coli growth under standard conditions is almost unaltered in the absence of HU. To understand how the bacterium confronts the chromosomal disorder, we performed proteome analysis to compare protein abundances in cells containing the HU protein or not. Comparison of the proteomic profile of wild-type and HU-deficient E. coli shows how the altered gene expression influences the protein content. We show that proteome profile changes are very similar to the gene expression profile changes in HU-deficient E. coli. Several exceptions show that proteome studies are very important.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)366-373
Number of pages8
JournalRussian Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • comparative proteome analysis
  • expression regulation
  • histone-like HU protein
  • two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis


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