Protective spinel coating for Li1.17 Ni0.17 Mn0.50 Co0.17 O2 cathode for Li-ion batteries through single-source precursor approach

Andrey Shevtsov, Haixiang Han, Anatolii Morozov, Jesse C. Carozza, Aleksandra A. Savina, Iaroslava Shakhova, Nellie R. Khasanova, Evgeny V. Antipov, Evgeny V. Dikarev, Artem M. Abakumov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Li1.17 Ni0.17 Mn0.50 Co0.17 O2 Li-rich NMC positive electrode (cathode) for lithium-ion batteries has been coated with nanocrystals of the LiMn1.5 Co0.5 O4 high-voltage spinel cathode material. The coating was applied through a single-source precursor approach by a deposition of the molecular precursor LiMn1.5 Co0.5 (thd)5 (thd = 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionate) dissolved in diethyl ether, followed by thermal decomposition at 400 C inair resulting in a chemically homogeneous cubic spinel. The structure and chemical composition of the coatings, deposited on the model SiO2 spheres and Li-rich NMC crystallites, were analyzed using powder X-ray diffraction, electron diffraction, high angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM), and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) mapping. The coated material containing 12 wt.% of spinel demonstrates a significantly improved first cycle Coulombic efficiency of 92% with a high first cycle discharge capacity of 290 mAhg−1. The coating also improves the capacity and voltage retention monitored over 25 galvanostatic charge–discharge cycles, although a complete suppression of the capacity and voltage fade is not achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1870
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalNanomaterials
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Capacity fade
  • Cathode for Li-ion battery
  • Core–shell
  • Li-rich NMC
  • Protective layer
  • Voltage fade

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