Prediction of Fracture Toughness of Pultruded Composites Based on Supervised Machine Learning

Radmir Karamov, Iskander Akhatov, Ivan V. Sergeichev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Prediction of mechanical properties is an essential part of material design. State-of-the-art simulation-based prediction requires data on microstructure and inter-component interactions of material. However, due to high costs and time limitations, such parameters, which are especially required for the simulation of advanced properties, are not always available. This paper proposes a data-driven approach to predicting the labor-consuming fracture toughness based on a series of standard, easy-to-measure mechanical characteristics. Three supervised machine-learning (ML) models (artificial neural networks, a random forest algorithm, and gradient boosting) were designed and tested for the prediction of mechanical properties of pultruded composites. A considerable dataset of mechanical properties was acquired as results of standard tensile, compression, flexure, in-plane shear, and Charpy tests and utilized as the input to predict the fracture toughness. Furthermore, this study investigated the correlations between the obtained mechanical characteristics. Analysis of ML performance showed that fracture toughness had the highest correlations with longitudinal bending and transverse tension and a strong correlation with the longitudinal compression modulus and tensile strength. The gradient boosting decision tree-based algorithms demonstrated the best prediction performance for fracture toughness, with an MSE less than 10% of the average value, providing a prediction within the range of experimental error. The ML algorithms showed potential in terms of determining which macro-level parameters can be used to predict micro-level material characteristics and how. The results provide inspiration for future pultruded composite material design and can enhance the numerical simulations of material.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3619
JournalPolymers
Volume14
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • composite materials
  • correlation
  • fracture toughness
  • machine learning
  • pultrusion

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