Potential Markers of Autoimmune Diseases, Alleles rs115662534(T) and rs548231435(C), Disrupt the Binding of Transcription Factors STAT1 and EBF1 to the Regulatory Elements of Human CD40 Gene

L. V. Putlyaeva, D. E. Demin, K. V. Korneev, A. S. Kasyanov, K. A. Tatosyan, I. V. Kulakovskiy, D. V. Kuprash, A. M. Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CD40 receptor is expressed on B lymphocytes and other professional antigen–presenting cells. The binding of CD40 to its ligand CD154 on the surface of T helper cells plays an important role in the activation of B lymphocytes required for production of antibodies, in particular, against autoantigens. Association of several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located in the non–coding areas of human CD40 locus with the elevated risk of autoimmune diseases has been demonstrated. The most studied of these SNPs is rs4810485 located in the first intron of the CD40 gene. Expression of the CD40 gene in B lymphocytes of donors homozygous for the common allelic variant of this polymorphism (G) is higher than in B cells from donors carrying the minor (T) variant. We investigated the enhancer activity of this fragment of the CD40 locus in human B cell lines and showed that it is independent on the rs4810485 alleles. However, the minor allelic variants of the rs4810485–linked SNPs rs548231435 and rs115662534 were associated with a significant decrease in the activity of the CD40 promoter due to the impairments in the binding of EBF1 and STAT1 transcription factors, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1534-1542
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemistry (Moscow)
Volume83
Issue number12-13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • autoimmune diseases
  • CD40
  • polymorphism
  • transcription regulation

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