Pinning and creep in layered superconductors

M. V. Feigel'man, V. B. Geshkenbein, A. I. Larkin

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455 Citations (Scopus)


The thermal- and disorder-induced effects in the mixed state of a layered high-Tc superconductor (in a field H{norm of matrix}c) are studied. The flux line lattice is of a quasi-2D type at sufficiently high field H{greater-than or approximate}H0 where H0 is proportional to the mass anisotropy m/M and estimated to be around 3 T for the Bi- and Tl-based superconductors. At H{right double angle bracket}H0 the FLL melts at a temperature Tm close to the temperature of 2D dislocation-mediated melting. At T &#62; Tm the system is in the normal state. At low temperatures T<Tg{reversed tilde equals} Tm/ In (H / H0) the system is in the vortex glass state with zero linear resistivity: ∂V/∂j→0 as j→0. In the intermediate temperature range Tg<T<Tm the energy barriers for the plastic motion of vortices are finite and thermally activated flux flow (TAFF) occurs. In the vortex glass state, different regimes of flux pinning and creep are identified and the behaviour of the critical current jc as a function of temperature and magnetic field is estimated. Power-law behaviour of the effective pinning energy U(j) at j{greater-than above equal above less-than}jc is obtained for the case of 2D collective creep.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-187
Number of pages11
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its Applications
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 1990
Externally publishedYes


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