The electronic properties of a graphene sheet with attached hydrogen atoms are studied using a modified Falicov-Kimball model on the honeycomb lattice. It is shown that in the ground state this system separates into two phases: fully hydrogenated graphene (graphane) and hydrogen-free graphene. The graphene-graphane boundary acquires a positive interface tension. Therefore, the graphene-graphane interface becomes a straight line, slightly rippled by thermal fluctuations. A smooth interface may be useful for the fabrication of mesoscopic graphene-based devices.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 6 Jan 2012|