This paper presents a design method for output-feedback path-following control of under-actuated autonomous underwater vehicles moving in a vertical plane without using surge, heave, and pitch velocities. Specifically, an extended state observer (ESO) is developed to recover the unmeasured velocities as well as to estimate total uncertainty induced by internal model uncertainty and external disturbance. At the kinematic level, a commanded guidance law is developed based on a vertical line-of-sight guidance scheme and the observed velocities. To optimize guidance signals, optimization-based reference governors are formulated as bound-constrained quadratic programming problems for computing optimal reference signals. Two globally convergent recurrent neural networks called projection neural networks are used to solve the optimization problems in real-time. Based on the optimal reference signals and ESO, a kinetic control law with disturbance rejection capability is constructed at the kinetic level. It is proved that all error signals in the closed-loop system are uniformly and ultimately bounded. Simulation results substantiate the efficacy of the proposed method for output-feedback path-following of under-actuated autonomous underwater vehicles.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2018|
- Autonomous underwater vehicles
- extended state observer (ESO)
- projection neural networks