Oscillatory solitons and time-resolved phase locking of two polariton condensates

Gabriel Christmann, Guilherme Tosi, Natalia G. Berloff, Panagiotis Tsotsis, Peter S. Eldridge, Zacharias Hatzopoulos, Pavlos G. Savvidis, Jeremy J. Baumberg

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    18 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    When pumped nonresonantly, semiconductor microcavity polaritons form Bose-Einstein condensates that can be manipulated optically. Using tightly-focused excitation spots, radially expanding condensates can be formed in close proximity. Using high time resolution streak camera measurements we study the time dependent properties of these macroscopic coherent states. By coupling this method with interferometry we observe directly the phase locking of two independent condensates in time, showing the effect of polariton-polariton interactions. We also directly observe fast spontaneous soliton-like oscillations of the polariton cloud trapped between the pump spots, which can be either dark or bright solitons. This transition from dark to bright is a consequence of the change of sign of the nonlinearity which we propose is due to the shape of the polariton dispersion leading to either positive or negative polariton effective mass.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number103039
    JournalNew Journal of Physics
    Volume16
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2014

    Keywords

    • BoseEinstein condensation
    • microcavity polaritons
    • solitons

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