Orientation-Dependent stability and quantum-confinement effects of silicon carbide nanowires

Zhenhai Wang, Mingwen Zhao, Tao He, Hongyu Zhang, Xuejuan Zhang, Zexiao Xi, Shishen Yan, Xiangdong Liu, Yueyuan Xia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


The energetic stability and electronic properties of hydrogenated silicon carbide nanowires (SiCNWs) with zinc blende (3C) and wurtzite (2H) structures are investigated using first-principles calculations within density functional theory and generalized gradient approximation. The [111]-orientated 3C-SiCNWs are energetically more stable than other kinds of NWs with similar size. In contrast to the indirect band gap features of SiC bulk crystals, all the NWs have direct band gaps except those orientating along the [112] direction. The band gaps of these NWs decrease with the increase of wire size. The direct band gap can be kept for the [111]- orientated 3C-SiCNWs with diameters up to 2.8 nm. The superior stability and electronic structures of the 3C-SiCNWs growing along the [111] direction are in good agreement with the experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12731-12735
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number29
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Orientation-Dependent stability and quantum-confinement effects of silicon carbide nanowires'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this