Ordering Sequence in Strongly Nonstoichiometric Niobium Carbide with the Formation of Nb6C5-Type Superstructures

M. G. Kostenko, A. V. Lukoyanov, A. A. Valeeva, A. I. Gusev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: Possible Nb6C5-type superstructures of nonstoichiometric niobium carbide NbC0.83 are found by the evolutionary crystal structure prediction algorithm. A symmetry analysis is carried out of Nb6C5-type model superstructures, the formation of which is possible in nonstoichiometric cubic niobium carbide with B1 structure. Channels of order–disorder transition NbCy → Nb6C5 are found. It is shown that niobium and carbon atoms, which form the immediate environment of vacant sites in Nb6C5 superstructures, experience the maximum displacement and are shifted away from structural vacancies (the vacant sites of the carbon sublattice). As temperature decreases, two physically admissible sequences of transformations associated with the formation of Nb6C5 superstructures are possible in NbC0.83 carbide. The transformation sequences obtained are in agreement with the calculation of the ground states of the superstructures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)863-876
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics
Volume129
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes

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