## Abstract

The classical stability theory for multiphase flows, based on an analysis of one (most unstable) mode, is generalized. A method for studying an algebraic (non-modal) instability of a disperse medium, which consists in examining the energy of linear combinations of three-dimensional modes with given wave vectors, is proposed. An algebraic instability of a dusty-gas flow in a plane channel with a nonuniform particle distribution in the form of two layers arranged symmetrically with respect to the flow axis is investigated. For all possible values of governing parameters, the optimal disturbances of the disperse flow have zero wavenumber in the flow direction, which indicates their banded structure ("streaks"). The presence of dispersed particles in the flow increases the algebraic instability, since the energy of optimal disturbances in the disperse medium exceeds that for the pure-fluid flow. It is found that for a homogeneous particle distribution the increase in the energy of optimal perturbations is proportional to the square of the sum of unity and the particle mass concentration and is almost independent of particle inertia. For a non-uniform distribution of the dispersed phase, the largest increase in the initial energy of disturbances is achieved in the case when the dust layers are located in the middle between the center line of the flow and the walls.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 351-363 |

Number of pages | 13 |

Journal | Fluid Dynamics |

Volume | 47 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - May 2012 |

Externally published | Yes |

## Keywords

- algebraic instability
- dusty gas
- non-modal analysis
- optimal disturbances